08 Oct Batteries for electric vehicles – Basic Maintenance
The driving force of an electric vehicle is its batteries.
Most electric vehicles use open lead-acid deep discharge batteries, which need proper maintenance to deliver their maximum power and have a long service life.
Batteries for electric vehicles are usually 6V, 8V and 12V, in packs that deliver a total of 36V, 48V or 72V total output, depending on the vehicle motor.
There are basic maintenance rules for these types of batteries. By following these rules, the batteries are always kept in good working condition, give all their energy for the movement of the vehicle and have a long life without the need for replacement.
FLUID LEVEL CHECK
Vehicles equipped with open lead-acid batteries need regular electrolyte monitoring. The electrolyte level must cover the battery plate by at least 2 cm. If supplementation is required, it is made with distilled water. The inspection should be done every week, especially when the vehicle is used daily.
It is recommended to charge the batteries when the charge indicator reaches below the middle indication. Charging should be complete, 8-10 hours depending on the charger. With the new built-in automatic chargers, daily charging is recommended regardless of the degree of discharge, this does not affect battery life.
Important advice : do not let the vehicle’s batteries to be completely discharged !
Regular cleaning of batteries for electric vehicles is recommended, checking their poles, terminals and cables. If damage to a pole, cable or terminal is found, immediate repair by an ITALCAR specialist workshop is recommended.
PERIOD OF NON-OPERATION OF THE VEHICLE
During periods when the electric vehicle is not in use, it is recommended to charge its batteries once a month and to check the electrolyte level.
The batteries for electric vehicles that ITALCAR installs in the new vehicles are from the American USBATTERY. USBATTERY batteries have been proven in practice to deliver maximum power in all operating conditions and have a very long service life. You can see detailed instructions for batteries for electric vehicles ITALCAR here, but also on the website of USBATTERY.